Smoking and excessive exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays cause rough, dehydrated skin. The water reserves needed to maintain nourishment of the deepest layers of the skin diminishes while collagen fibers weaken and break. The UV rays create an increase in melanocytes causing freckles, darkened and discolored skin.
Over time skin becomes dehydrated and less pliable. The skin is the largest organ of the body. Specific care is needed to ensure healthy skin integrity.
Although the picture seen here is a mannequin, the artist was able to capture a true likeness of what can and does happen to the skin with a lifetime of smoking and excessive sun exposure.
Trisha M. Pacenti RN,BSN