Polycystic renal disease is an inherited disorder characterized by multiple grape like clusters of fluid filled cysts that enlarge the kidneys and impair normal functioning of the kidney. Progression may be slow showing no symptoms until later in life. PRD is genetically transmitted. The incidence in 2 distinct age groups and different inheritance patterns are unrelated disorders. The adult form usually becomes obvious between ages 30 and 50. While the adult form is a more gradual effect, the infantile form is usually apparent in blood and urine testing. When uremic symptoms develop, PRD is usually fatal with in 4 years. Uremic means there is toxin build-up in the bloodstream. The kidneys become so impaired they are unable to remove wastes from the blood stream and excrete waste products as urine. Thus, the accumulation of toxic build-up.
There is no cure for PRD. The treatment is to preserve renal tissue. Urine cultures and a creatinine clearance test should be every 6 months. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed and surgical drainage of cysts may be done. In the case of renal failure, dialysis. Should you become diagnosed with PRD, please discuss with your doctor what the prognosis is, treatment plans and options and dietary changes.
Trisha M. Pacenti RN,BSN